“I wish”- such a common word but still unheard.
Do I need to subside all my wishes deep somewhere
Or I need to travel to some place or may be my destiny is nowhere.
Forever and ever, will I be the same.
For how long excuses are going to be lame.
Tears rolled down the cheeks seeking for an answer,
May be my questions are rock but they do hope for answers.
Is it “ME, the one I knew or its “YOU” in me,
“I wish is me” or “I wish is You”


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Marketing Management -Unit I

It is a first one in Marketing Management. Thus with simple questions but definitely helpful for the revision for UNIT-I
There is a procedure to attempt it.Guidelines are as follows:

  • Follow the blog so that i can reach to your email address and can provide handwritten solutions on your mail and for regular contact.
  • Attempt the answers  on word file and you can mail those files with your name and email it to singhimanshee@gmail.com.
  • Marks of each test will be posted in a week in the blog itself.
  1.  Value is a combination of_____
    a. Cost & Benefit
    b. Benefit & Money
    c. Time & Energy
    d. All of the above
  2. If Bihar tourism is promoting the city through advertisement. It is a part of________
    c. Experiences
  3. This concept believes on selling what I have rather than consumer needs
    a. The Selling Concept
    b. The Production Concept
    c.The Marketing Concept
    d. The production Concept
  4. The basic objective of Marketing Management is as follows:
    a. Building goodwill and market share.
    b. Promoting the company values
    c. Understanding the consumer needs, demands and wants.
    d. All of the above.
  5. Change in product packaging as per government order is an example of which environment change?
    a. Political Environment
    b. Consumer Environment
    c. Technological Environment
    d. Economical Environment
  6. Success of the product is based on the certain factors:
    a. Analysis of the environment if done carefully.
    b. Marketing strategies are achievable and systematically done.
    c. SWOT analysis was made mandatory
    d. All of the above
  7. SMART acronym stands for
    a. Smart, Measurable, Achievable, Reasonable and Timely
    b. Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Reasonable and Timely.
    c. Smart, Money, Achievable, Reasonable and Timely.
    d. Smart, Measurable, Accurate, Reasonable and Timely
  8. This is the last stage of market plan
    a. Financial Projection
    b. Executive Summary
    c. None
    d. Both a and  b are correct.
  9. Digital Marketing will not include the following feature.
    a. SMS
    c.Push Notifications
    d. Newspaper Advertisements
  10. Many a companies are forced to opt for ERP system now, it is a pattern of change in ___________environment
    a. Technological




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Human Relations Management & Industrial Relations

To all, it is a basic revision for human resource and general industrial relations topics. For answers, write down your Email Id in the comment section.

    1.Which is a method of performance appraisal?
    A. Straight ranking method
    B. Man-to-man comparison method
    C. Check list method
    D. All of the above

    2.Arrange the following staffing procedure in the correct sequence
    (i) Determining sources of personnel supply
    (ii) Preparing personnel specifications
    (iii) Selection of personnel
    (iv) Determining Personnel Characteristics
    A. (ii), (i), (iv) and (iii)
    B. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
    C. (ii), (i), (iii) and (iv)
    D. (ii), (iii), (i) and (iv)

    3.On the Job Training Methods is based on
    A. Demonstration Method
    B. Apprenticeship Training Method
    C. Informal Training
    D. All of the above

    4. The concept of Human relations was developed by
    A. Robert owen
    B. V.V. Giri
    C. Elton Mayo
    D. Edwin B. Flippo

    5.Objectives of training is
    A. Increased morale
    B. Increased productivity
    C. Favorable reaction to change
    D. All of the above

    6.Off the Job Training Method consists
    A. Role Playing Method
    B. Case Study Method
    C. Programmed Training
    D. All of the above

    7.Majority of the disputes in industries is (are) related to the problem of
    D. All of the above

    8. Trade Union Act was passed in the year___

    9. ________________refers to the arrangement of employer and employee for the settlement of disputes
    A. Collective Bargaining
    B. Negotiation
    C. Trade Union
    D. Counselling

    10._____________refers to the function where people are related a brothers and sisters.
    A. Fraternity function
    B. Ancillary function
    C. Supportive function
    D. None of the above

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जाड़े की दोपहर  मैं छत पर गुनगुनी धूप सरला के नर्म गालों पर थपकिया दे रही थी की उसे मीठी नींद आने लगी थी | अचानक से गली मे खेलते बच्चो की गेंद उसके पेरो से आ टकराई और उसकी नींद मे ख़लल डाल दिया | क्रोध से तमतमाई गली मे खेलते  बच्चो को पढाई करने का ताना देने  ही लगी थी की उसकी नज़र गली के कोने मे खड़े मैले कुचेले कपडे पहने  अधेड़ उम्र के आदमी पे पड़ी | वह उसकी बेटी “नन्ही” को अनवरत घूरे जा रहा था | इस नजर की हैवानियत को सरला तुरंत ही भांप गयी और अपनी नन्ही की सुरक्षा  को तड़प उठी | जल्दी से नीचे उतर कर अपनी नन्ही को ममता के आँचल मे लेकर उसने सकून की साँस ली | किन्तु वर्तमान मे हुए निर्भया और आसिफ़ा  काण्ड की खबरे उसके मन को विचलित कर गयी थी | अनिष्ठ की आशंका मात्र से  ही वो संज्ञाशून्य हो चुकी थी | एक ही विचार उसको बार बार परेशान कर रहा था |

आंखिर कब तक मे नन्ही को अपने आँचल मे समेत पाऊँगी | क्या कही भी वो सुरक्षित न रह पाएगी | इस डर के चलते क्या हम अपनी बच्चियों को घर की चार दिवारी मे कैद रखेंगे | कल को क्या होगा जब वो काम के चलते पूरे पूरे दिन घर से बाहर रहेगी | ये मानवरूपी वेह्शी दरिन्दे मेरी फूल सी नाजुक बच्ची को आखिर कब तक घूरेंगे | मै पूरी उम्र तो इसका ख्याल ना रख पाऊँगी | क्या ऐसे समाज का निर्माण करना नामुमकिन  हो चला है,  जहां औरते खुद को महफूज़ महसूस कर सके | यह कुछ सवाल मेरे ही नहीं,  आज हर एक माँ के हो सकते है | क्या ये सब इक अनुत्तरित प्रशन बन कर रह जाएँगे |

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The effects of bad communication in corporate

Effective communication is essential to the success of any business. Communication is the blood flow of a company, delivering the information to the employees.  It is required to strengthen the relationship at work. Communication starts from the leaders and flows down to the lowest level of the organisation.

As a mentor and educator, I have experienced some communication flaws in the teaching industry as well. Which in turn not only disturbs the working condition but has a huge impact on students. It is believed that a teacher should enter the class with a calm mind. Knowledge can only be transferred when a mind is calm and balanced. This can’t be achieved if the working environment is not stable in the organisation. A pedagogical leadership includes all the rules for the effective leadership in accordance with the national curriculum. Pedagogical leadership can be dialogues interpreting the objectives of the institution and focusing on teaching and learning issues.

Here in the article, some of the impact of poor communication is listed:

  • Decreased productivity: Who would like to have a lower productive employees but then again, if the instructions are not communicated properly. A condition where leader fails to instruct the actions properly to the subordinates. Eventually they loose their interest in the work and in turn it leads to decreased productivity.
  • Low Morale in employees:  Morale is measured as the satisfaction level of an employee. In a case of poor communication , there are chances that bad communication can lead to conflicts between the employees. If the number of conflicts are high at the workplace it can lead to high amount of dissatisfaction and bringing down the morale of an employee.
  • Mistakes are high:  Every action of an employee is interlinked with one another things. In this case it is poor communication. An employee morale is zilch and on top of that, he is not receiving clear orders from the leader is a messy situation. It has been proven in the Haw throne studies that chances of committing mistakes are high in the situation of messed mind.
  • Distrust:  Poor communication is the base of all kind of problems in the organisation. When the jobs are not instructed properly, it can create a environment of chaos and distrust in the leader. Subordinates starts judging the leader immediately and gradually doubt the decisions as well.  From my own personal experience it is actually a worst situation for the leader himself. Employees can always resign but leader has a bad name.
  • Increase Employee turnover:  Employee always holds high hopes from the organisation in terms of job satisfaction and good working environment.Communication can work wonders if handled properly and vice  versa. With poor communication network employee tends to start doubting his career growth staying in the organisation. He feels frustrated. It can be one major cause of increase employee turnover in the organisation. 

A great leader can turn negative situation into a positive one, but a bad leader can shut the business down. Choose your words and charisma wisely.

images (1)

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Top 5 Stress Busters!!

There has been numerous days when we feel distressed, upset and all sort of negative thought creeps in. Still there is one thing,  which can soothe you instantly.  You feel alive again.For some,  its  chocolates,  ice creams,  kayaking etc. Here is my idea of putting away stress days.

Busy Day


A lost mind

Sketching is one of them. Here are some links for being creative.
1. DIY Paper vases and  origami-  It not only diverts your  mind but helps you in exploring the creative side also.

2. Sketching Lessons- This one has specifically worked for me. It is a great technique to express your thoughts with infinite colors.

3. Cooking as stress busters–  Those who loves to eat, it is going to work wonders for you. The aroma of spices helps you in calming your nerves and a unique sense of satisfaction is felt.

4. Use Coloring books-  It has been proved by the researchers indeed that coloring helps you in focusing your color schemes. Lot of concentration is required to fill in the gaps an in return it relieves your mind from stress.

5. Movies and Fun with friends-  Friends are the second family and no one can heal our pain in a better manner as they can. Hang out with our friends, watch some movies, play.  Explore the world guys. 

Share your ideas of relieving agony and sadness. Drop in comments. 

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Top 5 best and creative teaching methods


Being a teacher is not an easy job and lemme clear a myth it’s “not everyone’s cup of tea”. A teacher faces new challenges everyday and mostly unique.  A recent research has proved that students are loosing interest in chalk and board teaching method. This thought deserves racking of the brains.

To bring back the attention of students,  it is necessary now to leave old school methodology and opt for some creative techniques. Creativity is not something,  which just happens.  It needs lot of nourishment and growth opportunities. It is not something that you can’t learn.  Perhaps,  it can be difficult at times but not impossible.

For educators it can be a cumbersome task. They are dealing with individuals who have their own level of creativity. The problem lies for mentor is to first develop own creativity . The second part is  integrating our creativity with the level of students creativity.

” I take Business Law and it is a dry subject for students. It took me a month time to bring students interest in the subject. Extensive internet search  helped me a lot”. 

Lets find out some of the techniques as per my understanding and can be useful for your classroom as well.

  1. Tell stories: 
    As per my observation, students love live examples which happened in their teachers life or a classmate. Form a story using his name. It is a fun exercise and they are attentive also for the rest of the class.  For few more experiments, we can also add role play as an exercise to students.
  2. Use MCQ’s – 
    Personally I have used this in class for teaching Business Law and it was effective. Use can simply post the MCQ in your blog. It is a nice way of revision too. To make it more interesting,  set a time limit and first one finishing, wins something like a chocolate. A small advice to all the educators, start a blog because we all are tech savvy and it is a useful method to restore your knowledge and spread it all around the world.
  3. Audio/ Visual Tools:
    Over the period of time, these tools have proved to be effective source. Pictures have long lasting impression on humans minds. You can also Youtube video for any of the topic with cool animations.                                                   UCT_Leslie_Social_Science_lecture_theatre_class
  4. Real World Learning:
    This technique is similar to the story telling but the improvisation here is a real world learning experience if shared by professionals are more interesting and useful to the students. Our students are interested in knowing about the practical experience from inside the organisation.  It can be done in various ways such as calling Industry experts as guest lectures or may be taking them for field visits to industries.
  5. Rewards:  Who will not love to have some extra sweets in classrooms. Try introducing various activities in class but with a small rewards added as incentive. I would share my personal experience here, I have introduced small team building activities in classroom which taught them Features of team , group efforts and fun added was the box of chocolates.

Apart from all of the above tricks and techniques,  the most important trick for an educator is to first self develop the creativity inside you. Trying your hands on different hobbies will make you more pleasant and calm personality. Once you are calm and know your potential,  you are ready to win the hearts of all.

Try these and share your experience in the comment section below. I would be really happy to uncover some more techniques. 

                                           images (2)


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Sailent Features of The Competetion Act ,2002

The Act was passed to replace the MRTP 1969 Act ( Monopolistic Restrictive Trade Practices). Government realised thta because of international economic development, MRTP has become obsolete. Thus to serve competetion from within the country and outside, Competetion Act was passed on 13th January, 2003 .
But it is stated under amendenets in 12 of 2003.

  • This Act is applicable to the whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir
  • It came into force on different dates as  the central Government by notification in the Official Gazette, appointed.

Features of The Competetion Act -2002

  • It is enacted to prevent practices having an appreciable adverse effect on competition, to promote and sustain competition in the market and to promote the interests of consumers and to ensure freedom of trade.
  • Wih the enforcement of the Competiton Act, 2002 the MRTP Act, 1969 shall stand repealed and the MRTP Commission shall be dissolved.
  • It seeks to achieve its objectives by prohibiting anti competitive rade agreements, preventing abuse of dominance,  regulating combinations and formulating a policy on competition,  creating awareness by imparting training on competition issues.
  • The act provides for the establishment of Competition Commission of India and prescribes its duties, functions and powers.
  • The open and fair competition also protects the interest of consumers which is one of the objective in the preamble of The Competition Act,  2002.
  • It applies to all goods including the goods imported into India and servies as defined in the Act.
  • The Act is applicable to all the enterprise which inter-alia include private sector undertakings,  public sector undertakings,  Government Departments performing non soverieghn functions for considerations.
  • Amendements to the Act:  The Competition Act was first amended by the Competition (Amendments) Act,  2007,  inter-alia provides for the following:-a) The Commission shall be an expert body which would function as a market regulator for preventing and regulaing anti competitive practices in the country in accordance with the Act and it would have advisory and advocacy functions in its role as a regulator.
    b) For establishment of the Competetion Appellate Tribunal,  which shall be a thee member quasi judicial body headed by a person who is or has been a Judge of the Supreme Court or the Chief Justice of the High Court’ to hear and dispose of appeas agaisnt any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Commission.
    c) For adjudication by the Competition Appellate Tribunal of claims on comepensation and passing orders for the recovery of compensation from any enterprise for any loss or damage suffered as a result of any contravention of the provision of the Act.
    d) For implementation of the orders of the Competition Appeallate Tribunal as a decree of a civil court.
    e) For filing of appeal against the orders of the Competition Appeallate Tribunal to Supreme Court.

The Act was further amended by the Competiton(Amendment) Ordinance,  2009 which brought an end to MRTP commission, with effect from October 14,  2009.

Drop in comments for any doubts and suugestions below in the comment section.

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Right To Information Act-2005

Hi, All !! Once again, it is an exam season. Thus, Lets pull up our socks and do the revision. There is a procedure to attempt it. Guidelines are as follows:

  1. Follow the blog so that i can reach to your email address and can provide handwritten solutions on your mail and for regular contact.
  2. Attempt the answers  on word file and you can mail those files with your name and email it to singhimanshee@gmail.com.
  3. Marks of each test will be posted in a week in the blog itself.

Click Here to download the question paper: Test Paper 01 – RTI

The questions are as follows:
Multiple Choice Questions

  1. RTI Act 2005 came into force on ☐(a)12 October 2005
    ☐(b) 15 August 2005
    ☐(c) 15 June 2005
    ☐(d) 1 November 2005
  2. Which of the following is not come under the definition of ‘information’ under RTI Act 2005?☐(a) Log books
    ☐(b) File notings
    ☐(c) Data material held in any electronic form
    ☐(d) Circulars
  3. The officer designated by the public authorities in all administrative units or offices under it to provide information to the citizens requesting for information under the Act is know as ☐(a) Appellate Authority
    ☐(b) Chief Information Commissioner (CIC)
    ☐(c) Public Information Officer (PIO)
    ☐(d) Assistant Public Information Officer
  4. What is the time limit to get the information under RTI Act 2005?☐(a)15 days
    ☐(b) 45 days
    ☐(c) 60 days
    ☐(d) 30 days
  5. What is the time limit to get the information concerning the life and liberty of a person?☐(a)48 hours
    ☐(b) 24 hours
    ☐(c) 5 days
    ☐(d) 10 days
  6. What is the fee for getting information under RTI Act☐(a)20/-
    ☐(c) Rs.100/-
    ☐(d) Rs.10/-
  7. First appeal to the first appellate authority can be preferred by the applicant within ——– days from the expiry of the prescribed time limit or from the receipt of the decision from the PIO☐(a) 30 days
    ☐(b) 45 days
    ☐(c) 60 days
    ☐(d) 90 days
  8. First Appeal shall be disposed of by the first appellate authority within —— days from the date of its receipt. (a)40 days
    (b) 30 days
    (c) 60 days
    (d) 50 days
  9. The Act extends to the whole of Indiaexcept the State of .☐(a) Jammu and Kashmir
    ☐(b) Sikkim
    ☐(c) North Eastern area
    ☐(d) Andaman & Nicobar island
  10. “How much time does an APIO, at the most , have to forward an RTI application/appeal to the Public Information Officer/First Appellate Authority ”

    ☐(b) 5days
    ☐(c) 35days
    ☐(d) 48 hours.
  11. Right to information includes the right to obtaining information in the form of:

☐(b) Floppies
☐(c) Tapes
☐(d) All the above

  1. 2As per Section 2(h)  “public authority” means any authority or body or institution of self-government established or constituted☐(i) by or under the Constitution;
    ☐(ii) by any other law made by Parliament;
    ☐(iii) by any other law made by State Legislature;
    ☐(iv) by notification issued or order made by the appropriate Government,
    ☐(v) All of the above
  2. As per Section 2(i) “record” includes☐(a) any document, manuscript and file;
    ☐(b) any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document;
    ☐(c) any reproduction of image or images embodied in such microfilm
    ☐(d) any other material produced by a computer or any other device
  3. An applicant making request for information

    ☐(a)shallbe given the reason why the information sought for
    ☐(b) shallbe given the personal details of the applicant
    ☐(c) shall not be given any reason for requesting the information or any other personal details except those that may be necessary for contacting him.
    ☐(d) None of these
  4. Under RTI Act, the language of an application may be in☐(a)English
    ☐(b) Hindi
    ☐(c) Regional language
    ☐(d) All the above


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Eat that Frog: A simple Mantra to be successfull

In a recent colloquium,a book review was done by me. “Eat that Frog” a book written by Brian Tracy. I have picked up two important tools on how to organize your daily life. But instead of using a paper method, I have incorporated the same with modern day technology. Yet a simple one.
The book is about time management and how to avoid procastinatiom. It is about using the 24 hours more efficiently and to be produce effective results.
You can look at the slide deck below.
For more details and the original file with all the cool animations, drop your comment with email id.

Book is quite inexpensive and you can buy here:

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Sou Moto

A democratic country requires special attention from judges. Often there are conditions, when judge needs to start hearing “on its own motion” for the betterment of society. Suo Moto is a Latin legal expression where judges from supreme and high court acts on its own motion. It is equivalent to the term suo sponte. It is a condition, supreme court and High court of India looks for a hearing without anyone filing PIL (Public Interest Litigation), or writing petition( Application signed by several people).
In this case the case will be titled as Court on its own motion v/s State court.  Lets take an example: Court initiated Suo Moto against Arundhati Roy after the publication of her article” The greater common good”, where she made remarks about Indian judiciary system.  Further there can be following conditions, when court can initiate these proceedings:

  1. Contempt of Court: 
    This is the offence of being disobedient towards the court and during the proceeding of any case.
  2. Reopening Old Case:
    When any court feels there is some crucial evidence which requires attention. In this scenario, court can take Suo Moto and update their decision
  3. No Complain or No case : 
    It is a situation, when court feels that the matter is necessary to be taken into discussion, whereas there is no PIL and petition. But the court decides that it is important to maintain the standard, protecting the rights of citizen.

Follow to know the latest post on Business Law, Any queries welcomed in the comment section below.

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Caveat Emptor

This means “let the buyer beware“, i.e in a contract of sale of goods the seller is under no duty to reveal unflattering truths about the goods. Therefore, when a person buys some goods, he must examine them thoroughly. If the goods turn out to be defective or do not suit his purpose or if he depends upon his own skill or judgement and makes a bad selection, he cannot blame anybody else.

Example:  If A asks a shopkeeper to give him medicine for cold and does not give him any other instruction. Then, if medicine is  not able to cure A cold. Shopkeeper is not be held responsible. Rule of Caveat Emptor implies, that A should have given proper instructions and doctors prescription

Exceptions to Caveat Emptor: The doctrine of caveat emptor has certain important exceptions. The exceptions are however briefly referred to:-

  1. Fitness for buyer’s purpose [U/S 16(1)]- Where the buyer makes known to the seller the particular purpose for which the buyer requires the goods and relies on the skill and judgement of the seller, then it becomes the duty of the seller to provide the goods which are suitable for the buyers purpose.
  2. Merchantable quality[U/S 16(2)]- Where :
    a) The goods are bought by description
    b) Seller deals in similar goods, Then there is an implied condition that goods should be of merchantable quality i.e if there exists any defect in the goods, then seller shall be liable, but under few circumstances the seller shall stand liable.
  3. “Consent by Fraud”: If the seller obtains buyer consent by fraud it will be termed as seller responsibility and he stands liable.
  4. Usage of Trade: An implied condition as to quality of fitness for a particular purpose may be annexed by usage of trade.

For any query and suggestion, comment bellow.

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Kinds Of Goods-The Sale of Goods Act-1930

Section 2(2), defines goods, “Goods” means every kind of movable property other than actionable claims and money;and includes stock and shares, growing crops,grass and things attached to or forming par of land which are agreed to be severed before sale or under the contract of sale. For the better understanding, the Goods were further divided into three major categories.

1.Existing Goods: These goods are physical in existence and which are in sellers ownership and or possession at the time of entering the contract of sale are called “Existing goods”. Where seller is the owner, he has the general property in time. These goods are further divided into two categories:

  • Specific Goods/ Ascertain goods- Goods identifies and agreed upon at the time of the making of the contract of sale. Example: A agrees to sell B a particular DVD player being a distinctive number.
  • Un-ascertained goods: The goods which are not separately identified or ascertained at the time of the making of the contract. Defined only by the description.

2. Future Goods: These goods are to be manufactured. That is when the contract is been done for the sale, then producer manufactures it. These goods may be either not yet in existence or in existence but not yet acquired by the seller.
Example: A agrees to sell B all the milk that his cow may yield during the coming year.

3.Contingent Goods: Goods, the acquisition of which by the seller depends upon an uncertain contingency are called contingent goods

Read out to know Caveat Emptor Click Here
Follow and Comment for any queries.

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The Sale of Goods Act-1930

The  sale of goods is the most common of all commercial contracts.Earlier law of sale of goods was contained in Chapter VII of the Indian Contract Act,1872. Then it was treated as a separate law “The Sale of Goods Act-1930”. Important points to remember here are as follows:

1.Contracts for the sale of goods are subject to the general legal principles applicable to all contacts, such offer and acceptance, the capacity of parties etc.
2.It came into the force from 1st July, 1930.
3.The act contains sixty six section and is applicable to whole of India except Jammu and Kashmir.

Section 4(1) of the Sale of Goods Act defines a contract of sale of goods as- ” A contract whereby the seller transfers or agrees to transfer the property in goods to the buyer for a price”.

According to the definition, there are three important terms i.e goods, seller and buyer.

  • Section 2(1), defines buyer,” Buyer” means a person who buys or agrees to buy goods.
  • Section 2(2), defines goods, “Goods” means every kind of movable property other than actionable claims and money;and includes stock and shares, growing crops,grass and things attached to or forming par of land which are agreed to be severed before sale or under the contract of sale.
  • Section 2(13), defines seller, “Seller” means a person who sells or agrees to sell goods.Essential characteristics of a contract of sale of goods: 
  1. Two Parties:  There must be two distinct parties i,e , a buyer and a seller, to effect a contract of sale and they must be competent to contract. (Competent to contact here is related to the capacity pf parties in essentials f valid contact).
             Example: If a partnership firm dissolves and two partners agrees to divide the surplus asset in the ratio held. It will not be termed as sale because both of the partners jointly owned the goods and there cannot be two sellers. [State of Gujarat v Raman Lal & Co, A.I.R.(1965) Guj,60]
  2. Goods: There  must be some goods the property in which is or is to be transferred from the seller to the buyer. The goods which form the subject matter of the contact of sale must be movable.
  3. Price:  The consideration for the contact, called price must be money. However, consideration can be partly in money and partly in goods.
    Example: A agreed to exchange with B 100 quarters of barley at Rs 2 per quarter for 52 bullocks valued at Rd 6 per bullock and pay the difference in cash.Held, the contract was a contract of sale.
  4. Transfer of general property:  There must be a transfer of general property as distinguished from special property in goods from the seller to the buyer. Property here means ownership. A mere transfer of possession of the goods cannot be termed as sale. To constitute, a contract of sale the seller must either transfer or agree to transfer the property in the goods to the buyer.
  5. Essential elements of a valid contract:  All the essential elements of a valid contract must be present in the contract of sale.

(Read out more to know the Difference between Sale and Agreement to Sell)Click Here

For queries and suggestions, Comment below.

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Is it Ok to say sorry?

Yes, Inspired by Justin Bieber Is it too late to say sorry ? How often do we realize that something did went wrong. I guess it would be too wrong to say never. A continuous pondering is there in our subconscious mind. Whereas there is a correlation of mind and dignity. A strong hold of mind keeps tampering our ego and decisions.Now, here obviously comes the game. Heart keeps pushing us to say sorry but mind bosses out all. Is it ego or shy behavior ask us to shut our mouth.
For the better understanding, I am categorizing people as apologetic and non apologetic person. It becomes quite evident that there are some psychological reasoning for the behavior of non apologetic.

  1. The very first reason can be the personality traits, which is supported by the false ego for sure. The ego harness the identity and here we are the joker of the dark knight.Taking an apology is the hardest word it seems.Some might takes it as a defensiveness or pride. I believe it is protecting the fragile sense of self.
  2. The statement” I m sorry” carries a heavy burden of psychological ramification. This burden is far deeper than the word itself. It portrays the fundamental fears (either consciously or unconsciously) which they desperately wish to avoid. It is quite a painful job for them to distinguish their actions from the character.  An apology can be the biggest threat to the identity and their self esteem.
  3. For the person who often apologizes, it is a way to relieve the guilt of doing. But he opposite is with the non apologetic, it can be a door to shame and feel bad about them selves.  It can also lead them to further accusations and conflicts. Which definitive they are welcoming to subside.
  4. Shame is more toxic than guilt. A guilt can be overcome with the period of time but shame stays forever. It can be one reason for not apologizing even if the mistake has been proven and understood by all.
  5. An interesting personality trait I personally observed in one of the web series: the protagonist enjoyed the state of anger, irritation and emotional distress. It can be one of the reason which holds back our non apologetic people.

A funny conclusion to non apology is to start apologizing. The happiness of acknowledgment is  incomparable to the shame and tampered attitude. It is never too late to start afresh.

Would be happy to see people sharing their experience on saying sorry. Comments awaited.

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Employee Engagement

Employee engagement is the hot topic in the world of human resource management and for a good reason. The employee turnover is quite high in comparison to the employee engaged in the company.Is it only giving a cozy and luxurious work environment too the employees ? or is more than that ?
Does the beer and free lunches and other ping pong still fascinates the employees or we need to offer more?
Is it employees look for recognition and free coupons?
I believe that concept of employee engagement in only constrained to providing free services rather than improving the employee experience in the organisation. Engaging the employee in organisation is now a herculean task for an human resource manager and i believe an important too. The  need of an hour is to understand the true essence of the term. John Sylvester- ” Employee Engagement describes when an organization encourages employee to buy in to their goals, ambitions and corporate ethos in a way that will inspire them to want to drive the business forward proactively and generate organisational success”.

Employee engagement is earning the loyalty of the employees and increasing the productivity and job satisfaction bringing meaningful learning and development opportunities to your organisation . I tried to figure out some effective ways to launch learning and development initiative:

  1. Promote in-house mentor-ship and coaching programs.
  2. Make on-line education an employee benefit
  3. Regularly tracing the employee engagement and job satisfaction.
  4. Train new managers to lead, manage and give frequent feedback.
  5. Treat employees like customers.

It is time to improve the employee experience first and then focus on improving the customer satisfaction . As stated by Shep Hyken

“If we constantly exceed the exceptional of employee, they will consistently exceed the expectation of our customers”.

Would love to have discussion. Follow the blog and comment.

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I actually felt it will be lot easy to talk about the topic which is close to my heart but it turned out to be extremely difficult one to write those moments. OK for my part I want to share an experience today which broke me in pieces, shook me but again gave courage to struggle. It is a story of a girl and her parents who were forced to be a victim of dowry and her pregnant daughter was thrown out of the house because it was the female  infanticide she was living with. We always talk about the amount of pain a girl has to bear when she is the real victim of the sorrow. But the bitter fact is the pain lies equally with the family of the girl. It’s tough to watch the dry eyes of the parents looking for a better life for her daughter. It is hard to raise a hurt little girl to an independent strong mother. It is even harsh when society tries to judge you. The reason told by the society is, you are a WOMAN, unfortunately. But the best part is, in all this chaos in her life, the girl had her family who stood right beside her, a family which is going to be there in all your goods and bad. We were so closely bonded that there wasn’t a micro space of particle. That bonding, love and affection made me strong and helped me raise my voice which is not shivering anymore. Those moments taught me how to handle a broken father, an old mother, a lost sister and raise your new born niece flowering with all the love of a mother. It also taught me that revenge is a waste of energy, all you need to have is good deeds and belief that everything will fall in place.
One thing I do want to mention here before concluding that I wants culprits to be behind bars but till then I can still cherish a new life among my family, I can cherish to be more stronger than I thought I could be .

A women represents a family, a society and an unbreakable idol. Our society still might be full of dirt and black hole but it’s our duty as a woman to behold our dignity and never back down.

To everyone, I expect you to cherish this special power we all have inside to be greater than what we think we are, before someone tries to break you. We all have it in us. When things falling apart, we see ourselves becoming stronger if we just never give up.

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Easy to make, difficult to understand
Complex to carry them.
Burdened heart is all we have
Looking for happiness all over the world
Try to look inner you
All the answers lies in their.
Flourish all your hassle
Happiness lies with the one whom you love.
Maintain love and affection
IT is all the relation need.



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Companies Act 2013 & Corporate Governance in India.

This is a research paper in which I have tried to address some major points of amendments in Company Act 2013 and what will be the consequences of this on corporate governance.


Purpose: After long stretch of 56 years, the (Indian) Companies Act 1956 is now in the process of being substituted by a new law of Companies Act 2013. The main purpose of this paper to highlight amendments made in the law and its direct/indirect importance for the stakeholders. The paper will cover on beneficiary factors of the Act which covers the stakeholders as well as emphasis conveyed in the Clause 49 of the corporate governance.

Method: Research covers a traditional approach for analyzing journals, papers, interpretation of scholars on the topic. It also analyzes the litigation part of act which deals with principles of law and legal institutions.

Result: Findings of this paper are elementary in nature as the focus of law has shifted from the growth of the company to the benefits of the stakeholders in the company. The government has emphasized more on increasing the foreign investment thus resulting in making a strong reputation of economy in the world’s eye.

Practical Implications: Stakeholders have always been the key focus area of any company. Thus the new law enacted on the companies, not only benefits the people involved at the higher managerial level but also pushes small scale companies in the market towards easy return and benefits.

Originality/Value: The paper attempts to encourage the entrepreneurs with lucid company policy and reaping benefits.


Our society is ever changing and evolving with the period of time .We as a human need change in our behavior, style and food and so does our law. The Company Act was enacted in 1956 which enabled companies to be formed by registration, and set out the responsibilities of companies, their directors and secretaries. The Act, 1956 was administered by the Government of India through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the Offices of Registrar of Companies etc. Since the Act, 1956 was commenced, it was amended many times as per the need of the economy but the major amendments were made in 1988, 1990, 2000 and 2011.

The 2013 Act introduces some eminent changes in the provisions related to corporate governance, E-Management, Compliance and enforcement, Mergers and Acquisition. There are many new concepts which differentiate a current law from the previous one .The law enforced in 2013 enforces in the composition of board of directors and corporate governance. The need of the hour is to focus on the stakeholders because India is the growing economy. In order to cope up with the international economic scenario, the law needs to remain dynamic and adapt changes in business environment. The two major topics to be discussed is a) Corporate Governance and b) Board of Directors which is Clause 49.

What gets measured gets managed. Adequate disclosure thus ensures good governance. Corporate governance issues not only have its impact on the corporate sector, but are necessary condition for the long term sustainability of the development of the growing economy. The role of corporate governance mechanism in economic growth remained virtually invisible until the East Asian financial crisis (1997-1998). The global financial institution, corporations and global economies, brought with it an indisputable challenge to policy makers and thus called for development and prosecution of competent corporate governance instrument.

This paper attempts to highlight the key changes made in the Companies Act 2013 .We try to figure out the beneficial factors of the amendments along with keeping in mind the current business scenario in India.


2008: Companies Bill, 2008 was introduced on 23rd October 2008 in the Lok Sabha to replace existing Companies Act 1956.

2009: Companies Bill, 2009 was re introduced on 3rd August 2009 in the Lok Sabha. Bill was referred to the Standing Committee on Finance of the Parliament for examination and report.

2010: Report of the Standing Committee on Finance on Companies Bill, 2009 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 31st August 2010.

2011: Companies Bill 2011 introduced in the Lok Sabha on 14th December 2011.

2012: The Companies Bill, 2012 was introduced and got its assent in the Lok Sabha on 18 December 2012.

2013: Companies Bill, 2012 was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 8th August, 2013. After having received the assent of the President of India on 29 August 2013, it has now become the much awaited Companies Act, 2013.

Literature Review


There has been a phenomenal rise among researchers and practitioners to study corporate governance over the past decade. The thought of corporate governance may seem unexplored to some people, yet its origin can be traced back to as early as the 1600’s. At that time, the Court of Directors was the executive body that ran the East India Company on behalf of the Court of Proprietors. This mirrors the modern era of corporate governance (Cadbury, 2002). On the other hand, Hann (2001) diagnosed four origins of corporate governance, which help people advance a better understanding of the terms. In the contemporary times when the corporate sector across the globe was hit by scandals and big companies like Enron, WorldCom bridled with debatable corporate policies collapsed. India too had its share of scam with Satyam being an incident thought to be the first of its kind. Though amendments in the area of corporate governance have been afoot since 1990’s, it was not until the Satyam scandal that exposed flagrant gaps in the governance structure and auditing practices in the country that acted as stimulation for a modern legislation. The Companies Act, 2013 is a move by the government to strengthen the corporate governance skeleton in a country where most of the businesses are characterized by robust shareholding and channeling of funds. The Act revitalizes good governance practices by placing the onus on independent directors to bring oversight in the functioning of the Board and protect the interest of minority shareholders.

We all know that the companies in India are monitored by the Companies Act 1956. This act is the most significant corporate legislation that entrusts the Central Government to standardize the following: Formation of the companies, Financing of the companies, Functioning of the companies, Winding up of companies. It was enacted in 1956. This act facilitates companies to be formed by registration, and arrange the responsibilities of companies, their directors and secretaries. Government of India oversees this act through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the Offices of Registrar of Companies, Official Liquidators, Public Trustee, Company Law Board, Director of Inspection, etc. The Registrar of Companies (ROC) stems the incorporation of new companies and the administration of running companies. The act is exercised to whole of India and to all types of companies, whether registered under this Act or an earlier Act.

Part One: Tight knitted Corporate Governance.

Corporate Governance is defined as the relationship between shareholders and their companies and the way in which shareholders act to encourage best practices”. There are certain key elements of corporate governance which we need to understand before understanding the difference between the Act 1956 and Act 2013.

  • Shareholders right and obligation.
  • Audit transparency and disclosure.
  • Role of Board of Directors.
  • Stakeholder’s role in Corporate Governance.
  • Shareholders equitable and treatment.

The corporate governance has different set of rules for every aspect of the business unit. It lays emphasis on safeguarding the interest of all those people who are concerned with the functioning of the business unit .The definition says that there has to be transparency in business for those who are investing in it.

The Company Act 2013 shares the same view of making the functioning if the business unit more translucent to the general public. There was a regulatory urge to control corporate governance often. As there was an increase in unethical and dishonest practices prevailing in the market and tremendous growth in the scams area. Thus the initiative taken by the Government to take some serious steps in the control of the audits and working of the company was actually a necessary step.

Part Two: Empowerment and Encouragement

Any company is run by the people who are involved in the decision making. The necessary changes as per the international standard are done as follows:

Concept of One Person Company: One person company is a company with only one person. It states that one person will be the shareholder of the company. It also avails the benefit of a private limited company such as separate legal entity, in fact protecting personal assets from business liability; the most important is perpetual succession. The benefit of this move is for the e commerce industries and for the startup companies who dream of starting their own company.

Board of Directors: Although there are many changes made in the structuring and the powers of the board of directors but the one who hold our attention is:

Woman director

The categories of companies which need to comply with the requirement of having at least of one woman director are as follows: [section 149(1) of 2013 Act]

(i) Every listed company, within one year from the commencement of second provision to sub-section (1) of section 149

(ii) Every other public company that has paid–up share capital of one hundred crore rupees or more, or a turnover of three hundred crore rupees or more within three years from the commencement of second proviso to sub-section (1) of section 149.

This is a mind boggling move from the Indian Government in order to remove gender diversity and enhance the position of women in the company.

Board Functioning

The Companies Act, 2013 provides that a public as well as a private company can have a maximum of fifteen directors on the Board and appointing more than fifteen directors would require approval of a study of corporate governance under the companies act, 2013 shareholders through a special resolution in the General Meeting.

A) It also provides for appointment of at least one woman director on the Board for such class or classes of companies as may be prescribed. The Act makes it mandatory for a company to have minimum one director who has stayed in the country for a period of 182 days in the previous calendar year


B) Disqualification of directors

The Companies Act, 2013 makes directors’ disqualification more stringent, includes more scrutiny around related party transactions. The 2013 Act includes the following additional grounds of disqualification:

(i) A person who has been convicted of an offence dealing with related party transactions at any time during the past five years.

(ii) The directorship in private companies has also been brought under the ambit of disqualification on ground for non-filing of annual financial statements or annual returns for any continuous period of three years, or failure to repay deposits for more than a year.

C) Number of Directorships

As per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, a person cannot become a director in more than 20 companies instead of 15 as provided in the Companies Act 1956 and out of this 20, he cannot be director of more than 10 public companies.

Part Three: (Clause 49)

To make parallel the company law with Clause 49 of Equity Listing Agreement (Clause 49), 2013 Act has popularized the concept of Independent Directors. In this respect, few of the general observations are as follows:

(a) The term independent director has been defined with certain prescribed qualification and disqualification. [Section 149(6)]

(b) Every listed company is required to have at-least one-third of the total number of directors as independent directors. Independent directors shall be entitled to sitting fees, commission from the profit and reimbursement of expenses. However, they will not be entitled to stock options. [Section 149(9)]

(c) The appointment of the independent director shall be approved by the members in a general meeting and they will not be required to retire by rotation. [Section 149(13)]

(d) An independent director can hold the office for consecutive two terms of five years each following which there should be three years break before he or she is reappointed as an independent director. [Section 149(11)]

(e) Nominee director shall not be considered as an independent director. [Section 149(6)]

(f) While the motive of 2013 Act is to coordinate itself with Clause 49, there is little countenance which is different. All listed companies will now have to comply with Clause 49 and 2013 Act which might make the compliance process more cumbersome.

(g) Independent director shall only be liable for such act of omission, commission by a company which had occurred with his or her knowledge, attributable through Board processes, and with his/ her consent or connivance or where he or she had not acted diligently. [Section 149(12)]


The committee has well analyzed the international business standards. Newton’s third law explains that every action has equal and opposite reaction. The Act 1956 was a voluminous document with 781 sections whereas the Company Act 2013 is divided into 29 chapters containing 470 sections. The conceptual paper based on finding the benefits from the Companies Act 2013 has stressed on few basic changes which were made keeping in mind the international standards. Government has stressed on transparency of the business and making the companies self responsible for their course of action. The Companies Act, 2013 is landmark legislation with far reaching consequences on all companies incorporated in India. The Act, 2013 is more outward looking and attempts to align with international requirements. It is expected to set the tone for a more modern legislation which enables growth and greater regulation of the corporate sector in India.

The 2013 Act has been developed with a view to enhance self–regulation, improve corporate governance norms, enhance accountability on the part of corporate and auditors, raise levels of transparency and protect interests of investors, particularly small investors.

  • Corporate Governance will keep the strict watch over the working of the companies.
  • Corporate Social Responsibility under corporate governance has a new clause of constituting of Corporate Social Responsibility Committee of the board consisting of three or more directors. Thus an essential step to improve the infrastructure of the economy.
  • Corporate issues require quick resolution in terms of mergers and amalgamation .Transparency in accounts and audits through corporate governance will lead to fluid transactions.
  • Capital market regulator has an eminent role to play in the public access to capital by the companies and must have the necessary space to develop suitable framework in tune with the fluidity of the capital markets.
  • Introduction of SFIO (Serious Fraud Investigating Office) is a commendable attempt. SFIO is in-charge for framing of the charges, arrest and filing of other documents.
  • India as a growing economy needed encouragement specifically in the small scale companies. The committee felt the need of changing the structure as it will be unfair to burden the small size company as large public listed companies.
  • Change in constitution of Board of Directors is the big step as the company has laid emphasis on the appointment of one Women director. This step clears the vision of government that women holds equal position to men. Also a big move in the area of empowerment and gender biasness.
  • The recession of 2008 has seen the worst phase of unemployment in private sector and thus opening the door of small scale companies or the world of E-commerce. The Act 2013 is favorable for the young entrepreneurs in every manner.
          1. Concept of Independent director.
          2. Concept of One Person Company.
          3. Fast track mergers.
          4. Listing and de-listing of the companies.


1. Glasgow B (2002), “Corporate Governance: A time for Change – Public and Private Sector Measures Move Forward”, Chemical Market Report, Vol.262, pp. 24-26.

2. Cadbury A (2002), Corporate Governance Chairmanship: A personal view, Oxford University Press, Great Britain.

3. Hann D P (2001), “Emerging issues in US Corporate Governance: Are the recent reforms working?” Defense Counsel Journal, VOL.68, No. 2, pp. 191-205.

4. Sparks R (2003), “From Corporate governance to Corporate Responsibility: The Changing Boardroom Agenda”, IVEY Business Journal, Vol 67, No. 4.

5ABagel mc Williams and Donalds Siegel (2000), “Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance: Correlation or misspecification Strategic Management Journal, Volume 21, No. 5, PP 603-609.

6. Gao Y (2009), “Corporate Social Performance in China: Evidence from Large Companies”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 89, No .1, pp.23-55.

7. Salam MA (2009), “Corporate Social Responsibility in Purchasing and Supply chain”, Journal of Business Ethics, Bol.85, N. 2, pp.355-370.

8. Cannon t (1994), Corporate Responsibility: A textbook on Business Ethics, Governance, Environment Roles and Responsibilities, Pitman Publishing, Great Britain.

9. Fama EF (1980), “Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 88, pp. 288-307.

10. Conyon MJ and Sadler G V (2001), “Executive PAY, Tournaments and Corporate Performance in UK Firms”, International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol.3, pp.141-168.

11. Berle A and Means GC (1932), the Modern Corporation and Private Property, Macmillan, New York.

12. Dwivedi N and Jain A K (2005), “Corporate Governance and Performance of Indian Firms: The Effect of Board Size and Ownership”, Employee Responsibilities and Right Journal, Vol 17, No.3, pp .161-172.

13. Chibber PK and Majumdar SK (1999), “Foreign Ownership and Profitability: Property Rights, control, and the Performance of Firms in Indian Industry”, Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp.209-238.

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Why MBA?

MBA is the most dignified degree of our time. But somehow this thought of WHY MBA? keeps pondering over my head. In fact I used to teach MBA students and every time I questioned them why do you want to pursue this course, the answers remained same”Just to have a master degree and increase numbers in our current salary”. I was dumbstruck hearing these.

My idea of doing MBA was to build a personality of my own.A quick decision maker, analyst and a smart business woman. However this concept is now lost in books only. In practical world, it means a degree which can change your 3 figure salary to may be 6 figure salary. Students are not trained to have a personality which influences the world. They are trained to grab a best job in the market.The concept of MBA was to make a person who has the capability to work under stress and handle a group with his own intellectual ideas. He needs to be a person with a growing perspective

We need to break the prejudice of doing MBA for all the wrong reasons.Each course is designed to improve some specific skills which are inherited in you. Courses not only help you financially but done to make you a better person with an objective. As a teacher, or students we need to look into the depth of the course offerings. MBA encourages you to be a whole person with lot many qualities of leadership,decision skills etc.

Hope the course offerings will be discussed first now.Rather than just taking a degree.

Any comments will be appreciated.Keep Reading !!!!


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Overhead Thoughts

Career is an option or ambition?
Dwindling thought for every woman.
Where “ambitious” is a compliment or criticism?
Difficult to understand the vicious thoughts.
Hurdles all over,Patience is all you seek.
Keep digging your own way,Is all you need.
Scribble your thoughts & learn to succumb despair.
Am sure, wounds will definitely be repaired.

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Some extra coins in pocket


Our bank balance keep sending us nightmares as Christmas gift. Money is the cause for all the sleepless nights, for rich and poor both. Everyone keeps thinking about some extra ways to add few more  pennies to their account. So I call it as disease “Penny Syndrome”. and myself is the victim of this.Thus I decided to do some research on it and try some hands on various side business available online and offline.

Lets take a look at some simple and unique ideas:


Its the world of technology and selling your skills. If you are good in writing and write  some good articles.Then its the time to write posts and run your own blog.Another option available is logging into various websites which offer jobs in writing.

Blogging Blackboard Story Chalkboard Chalk Believe


A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.
Brad Henry
Why not share your knowledge with the world and earn money out of it.You can take up your favorite subject and tea online.Thousand of websites provide you a great platform to share your thoughts and experience.


    • START-UP

A revolution has been made in the online business and software development.Build your own unique idea and run a start up of your own.All you need is to groom your brain a little and come up with phenomenal idea. And just don’t worry,Government is in support to encourage the ideas and are ready to fund the incredible thought.

start up


Amazon, Flip kart, Snap deal etc. are one place where you can start your own business by investing a nominal amount. Search a product which has the highest selling ratio in these sites and now search another sites from where you can get same product at less rates. Once a chain starts, you start generating revenue.The only skill you need is to be a good researcher.

e commerce


Sorry to say but we have polluted our world by using chemicals,cutting trees etc.As a result the crop we produce is not of the fine quality as we gt 100 years back.So why not to switch to organic farming and earn handsome amount by selling organic crop which is in huge demand these days. All you require is to be grounded on your own soil.


The list doesn’t stop here, multiple options are available in order to add balance in your accounts.For more ideas and queries, write in the comment section.It will be appreciated and answered.


Thanks for reading the post.


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Personality-We Admire

F.Scott Fitzgerald- Personality is an unbroken senses of successfull gestures.

Imitating our favourite actors and actresses was our best act we did as child.But have we ever gave a deep thought about why do we imitate someone ?.The answer is quite translucent, we love the aura,the personality of the person whom we admire.It is our thoughts,feelings and behaviour towards others are some common traits which distinguishes us from the bunch of people.And that’s how we stand as an individual.Crux of the above short lines is in order to stand out from herd we need to groom our personality or in simple terms “Personality Development“.

Personality development is nothing but the act  of moving from an inert and disinterested state of existence to a zelous,motivated and joyous one.It is how you celebrate your uniqueness without any boundaries,but only with positive inertia amd enthusiasm to conquer the world.

Tips to improve:

  1. Proton Test: Science has proved that no element can change the basic characteristic of proton i.e “Positive”.Similarly all you need to do is to stay positive in worst situations too.
  2. To talk or not to talk: Choose your words nicely. These words are the crucial player in your personality because they represent your thoughts and attitude.Thus improve your communication skills.
  3. All ears open: Our teachers must have scolded everyone atleast once for not listening. Listening not only gives you enough time to evaluate other persom thought process but also leaves a positive impact of valuing others talk. So bring in practice and be a good listener.
  4. Learn to Appreciate: As a head or team member you should not take all the credit alone. Appreciating your team members enhances their zeal and dedication towards work.
  5. A lion: You need to learn to be a lion i.e “Strong” in any situation .Because if you are the leader and you yourself looses a hope, it becomes difficult to manage a group amd you fail miserably.So act smart and strong.

Personality development includes other aspects also such as being compassionate, sharing responsibilties etc.But as wisely said all the qualties cannot be imbibed in one go.It is an ever evolving process but important is you never stop.

A.EinsteinTry not to become a man of success,but rather try to become a man of value.

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Does words really matter?

I was wondering one day that is it really possible if i was deaf and dumb and my husband would understand even my deepest thoughts.That was the time I rushed from my living area to my bedroom to fetch some papers and pen and designed a foolproof game.Where i was the one who played the victim as always and he was to understand my thoughts.A long one hour we spent playing ,cuddling and finally the conclusion was yes, he could understand my thoughts.The results were not just because he love me but because my non verbal communicating power were too strong.The same kind of game is played in the interview room .Where interview is a game amd you are being judged as a victim.You keep  practicising on formulating the best answer for each question but what yoy forget is to practice your body language.

As wise man has said your eyes speaks the truth .Your body language expresses your nervousness or your excitement.So while we are busy preparing our question answer round, why not to spare some 15 minutes to improve our non verbal communication.There are thousands of books and online tests available to improve your gestures and most important thr facial expressions.Girls gear up your smile can be the answer to many unknown questions amd boys dnt be disheartened your charming eyes will help you to create the powrful impact.

Some of the tips even I am mentioning here.

  • Look engaged with a pleasant smile on your face.
  • Do not open your eyes wide to make an eye contact.Soften your eyes to make them look natural.
  • Practice at home in front of mirror.Yes the old method but somehow it helps a lot.
  • Figure out your reactions when you are nervous.May be chewing nails, eyes blinking,rubbing nose etc.Work on those areas.
  • Lift your eyebrows a little, just to ensure that you are having an interesting conversation.

There are endless methods through which you can improvise your non verbal communication.Because words are always the later stage, you connect through your body.The above story was may be enteratining but it has a sense.We connect through our eyes, gestures and positive feel.

Learn,Practice and Improvise.

Thanks for reading the post.All the thoughts and questions will be appreciated in the commemts section.Happy reading.

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Tickling thought

Likes, Dislike, Follow, Tweet ……

Our life  surrounded by social media or to be named as “SOCIAL ANIMAL”. Every time we are looking for  validation from others. Have we lost our self confidence and continuously we seek others to appreciate us. Its funny, I myself just keep checking my blog stats and every time it increases ,I start to brag it to my family and friends. But then this thought tickled my head..Do my thoughts need  to be validated from others..Is this the reason I scribble..

I guess this tickles never comes to an end as sea has no define destination.


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Smart ways to get the job.

Six figure salary,  lavish life,  party  and what not  we dream from our first job. These dreams can be turned into reality. All you need is some efforts in the right direction. Lets start learning to be smart and diplomatic to get what you desire.


Your clothes make the first impression.Do not worry if they are not branded.Your hike in salary will get you many brands in closet.

  • For Boys:  Pick any dark color trouser and pair them with light color shirt. Do not go for Chinese collar and double pocket shirt. Jump for stripes and solid color shirts. They are never out of fashion. Yes you got to make the fashion statement. You good looks will definitely boost your confidence. Oops….Don’t forget to wear your formal shoes that too the laces one.
  • For Girls:  Sorry girls, we do have to choose this time from our closet a nice striped shirt  and ankle fitted trouser. Make sure that your trousers are in proper shape. Those who want to go for ethnic wear wear any subtle color which suits your skin color. Avoid choosing very bright color .


    Our body talks even before our mouth does .so beware and practice to control them. They speak in coordination with our emotions.Thus it is very very important to control your movements. Open palms and hands suggests you confidence and positive attitude. Whereas if you fidgeting all the time during your interviewer ,it may cause distraction to interviewer and also passes on low confidence message. An interesting part of interviewer is to read the interviewer body language too. Nodding head, leaning forward, tilting head to one direction ensures that you have made a mark .pexels-photo-288477

    Making notes:

    It is always recommended to carry a pen and paper during your interview so that you can jot down questions asked and practice them later at home.

    Small tips:

      Some add on are always there which might creates a bad impression. So make a note of them a night before the interview.

    • Carry 2 copies of you Cv’s along with documents.
    • Paste your photograph.
    • Sign your CV with date before passing it to interviewer.
    • Arrange your document folder in chronological order.
    • Reach on time scheduled.
    • Read vacancy detail .Also employers literature – Like what stream of business they are working in and how you can be useful to them.
    • Do not ever bad mouth your previous employer.It might get you in trouble.
    • Give a firm handshake to interviewer before and after the interview.

Rest you know about your achievements and  capabilities which you want to  brag.So just impress them with your skills and confidence.Do not forget to treat your friends and family once you get the job.


Wish you Luck

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MBA Interview Questions

Nervous, Jitters, sweated palms, fast heartbeats….These nerves expressions are endless and everyone experiences these  right before the interview. So why not to prepare yourself with some common interview questions and bang the interview with confidence.

    1. Tell me something about yourself.
      Aahh… the most common and expected question of the interview. But to prepare for this, start with your educational qualifications in deep because this is the first step of creating an impact in the interviewer mind. This answer should be well versed and well written.Do not give him any detail which is unnecessary and you think it can create a fuss for you.The maximum limit for this answer should be 2 minutes
      Hi..I am Himanshee Singh and starting from my educational background i have completed my MBA from Pune University ……………..(Gradually you can come down to your graduation detail) and the last step will be to introduce your family and may be hometown if  you are willing to look for a job in different city.
    2. Explain your weakness.
      An employer is always interested in knowing how creative you are in manipulating your answers. Everyone has some weakness and some strengths but the art lies in presenting your weakness as strength.
      I am extremely impatient in nature . I feel frustrated if i find my team working in not the expected manner. And this leads me to start thinking about upgrading their skills and developing a training program.
    3. .How would you solve a problem with your lateral thinking.
      Employer here is interested in checking your creativity in order to measure how much you can contribute in the organisation with your innovative thinking. Lateral thinking is the ability to use your imagination to look at a problem in a fresh way and come up with a unique solution. Thus form an answer may be from your personal life also whee you have solved a problem with your innovative idea .Trust me we all have this ability and we all do something amazing in our day to day life.
    4. Describe any situation where you have depicted leadership skill.
    5. What motivates you to do good job.
    6. How do you define success.
    7. Where do you see yourself five years from now.
    8. Do you think you ca be the asset to the company.
    9. Why should/should not hire you
    10. How do you manage your time and prioritize tasks.

These are the commonly asked questions.Keep following the blog for more rigorous questions.


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A real example: Right to Information Act-2005

Right to Information Act is passed by Parliament on 15th June 2005 and came fully into force on 12th October 2005. The Act is applicable in whole of the India except Jammu and Kashmir . The Act is to provide right to information for citizen of the country. It explains that there should be complete  transparency between the public authorities and the citizens. We as a citizen have a right to know about the working policies and methods of these authorities. Along with this a common person can utilize this act if any public office is not responding to his requests and applications and have a right to be heard.

Let us understand  this act by one example:

University Issues:  It is sad but truth is we do face lots of errors in marks uploading from the university . But the worst part is there is no common channel through which student issues are addressed in appropriate time.

For example- A student from MBA was a student of one university and was pursuing his course from the reputed college. When her result was declared in first semester ,she found that marks of one subject was missing and it did not evens how that she was absent in that particular exam.For correction of this error she wrote several emails and letters to the university but her marks were not uploaded till 3rd semester and neither she received any response for her letters. The result of this negligence from the public authority is been face by the student. She cannot appear for her placements because her marks sheet is not proper.Thus in order to save her future she had to travel all the way to university location from her hometown to get the correction done.

Now comes the ugly face of the public offices. The correction involved 3-4 times visit to the office . The question here is are these public offices are working properly in the favor of citizen. And if there are committees who are established for redressing requests and applications .Then why there is never response form those persons .Should we use the Right of Information Act 2005 so often ?

Interesting Fact:
1.Political parties such as Congress ,BJP, BSP, NCP etc are also covered under this act because they are working for public.We have a right to access any information from their policies and information.

2. Digital Right to Information System:  Our system has failed terribly in responding to requests digitally. Hoping, as India is going digital we wish to see our systems to respond better to applications.

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Marketing Management -Consumer Behavior.

Marketing Management talks about the topics covered in the Unit “Consumer Behavior”.
There is a procedure to attempt it.Guidelines are as follows:

  • Follow the blog so that i can reach to your email address and can provide handwritten solutions on your mail and for regular contact.
  • Attempt the answers  on word file and you can mail those files with your name and email it to singhimanshee@gmail.com.
  • Marks of each test will be posted in a week in the blog itself.
  1. 1.What influences Consumer Behavior?
    b. Society
    c.Social Classes
    d.All of the above
  2. Family of orientation consists of
    a. Relatives
  3. ___________________ consists of the activities a person is expected to perform.
    a. Status
    d. Responsibilities
  4. Person pattern of living is defined by
    a. Lifestyle
  5. It is an important stage in the 5 stage Model of buying decision process
    a. Evaluation of Alternative
    b.Information Search
    c.Problem Recognition
    d.Post Purchase Decision
  6. This is one of  various sources of information used for collecting data
    a. Experiential
    b.Primary Data
    c.Collective Agencies.
  7. When a consumer takes a decision of buying a product out of its habit is known as:
    a. Dissonance.
    b.Variety Seeking
    d.None of the above.
  8. _________________________it defines the characteristics of the consumer when consumer level of involvement is high while purchasing a product and observes significant differences among brands.
    a. Complex
    c.Variety Seeking
  9. When a consumer is influenced by the appearance of the shop is known as
    a.Emotional product buying motives
    b.Rational patronage buying motives.
    c.Emotional Patronage buying motives.
    d. Rational Product buying motives.
  10. MTV is an example of which psychological trait
    a. Excitement



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