Right to Education Act, 2002 (Article 21-A)

The constitution of India inserted Right to Information Act by 68th amendment to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years as a Fundamental Right. The right of free education represents that every child can have full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms.

Objectives Of Right to Education Act:

  1. To explain the importance of education to the person with disabilities.
  2. To understand the interrelation between education and other human rights.
  3. To understand the provisions on education by the UN Convention on rights of the person with disabilities.
  4. To understand different perspectives on special education.
  5. To ensure that education becomes a means of genuine empowerment of individuals To achieve full potential.
  6. To ensure learning process is locally and relevant, child centered, activity based and joyful.
  7. To ensure the educational management is decentralized to the community.


  Salient Features of RTE

  1. Every child from the age group 6014 years has the right of free and compulsory education in a neighborhood school till the completion of elementary stage.
  2. Private schools will have to take 25 percent of their class strength from the weaker section and disadvantaged group of the society through a random selection process. Government will fund the education of this set.
  3. No seats in this quota can be left vacant.
  4. No donation and capitalization fee is allowed.
  5. No admission test or interview of the child parent is permitted.
  6. A fixed student and teacher ratio needs to be maintained.
  7. Norms for the teachers training and qualification is also mentioned in the Act.
  8. There is a provision for establishment of commissions to supervise the implementation of the Act.
  9. No child can be held back or expelled required to complete the board exams till the completion of elementary education.
  10. All schools except private unaided schools are needed  to be managed by school management committee with 75 % of parents and guidance as members.
  11. The RTE Act provides rules for not admitting child  to an age to the appropriate class
  12. It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate government, local authority and parents in proving free and compulsory education.
  13. It lays down the norms and standards relating to student teacher ratio,  buildings and infrastructure,  school working days and teachers working hours.
  14. It prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment,  capitalization fee,   private tut ions by teachers,  running of schools without recognition.
  15. It ensure all round development of a child and building the child knowledge.
  16. Making the child free from fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and centered learning.
  17. It ensues there is no urban-rural imbalance in teachers posting.
  18.  It provides for prohibition of employment of teachers for non educational purposes except elections and disaster relief.

Drop in comments for any query. 


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