The constitution of India inserted Right to Information Act by 68th amendment to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years as a Fundamental Right. The right of free education represents that every child can have full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms.
Objectives Of Right to Education Act:
- To explain the importance of education to the person with disabilities.
- To understand the interrelation between education and other human rights.
- To understand the provisions on education by the UN Convention on rights of the person with disabilities.
- To understand different perspectives on special education.
- To ensure that education becomes a means of genuine empowerment of individuals To achieve full potential.
- To ensure learning process is locally and relevant, child centered, activity based and joyful.
- To ensure the educational management is decentralized to the community.
Salient Features of RTE
- Every child from the age group 6014 years has the right of free and compulsory education in a neighborhood school till the completion of elementary stage.
- Private schools will have to take 25 percent of their class strength from the weaker section and disadvantaged group of the society through a random selection process. Government will fund the education of this set.
- No seats in this quota can be left vacant.
- No donation and capitalization fee is allowed.
- No admission test or interview of the child parent is permitted.
- A fixed student and teacher ratio needs to be maintained.
- Norms for the teachers training and qualification is also mentioned in the Act.
- There is a provision for establishment of commissions to supervise the implementation of the Act.
- No child can be held back or expelled required to complete the board exams till the completion of elementary education.
- All schools except private unaided schools are needed to be managed by school management committee with 75 % of parents and guidance as members.
- The RTE Act provides rules for not admitting child to an age to the appropriate class
- It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate government, local authority and parents in proving free and compulsory education.
- It lays down the norms and standards relating to student teacher ratio, buildings and infrastructure, school working days and teachers working hours.
- It prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment, capitalization fee, private tut ions by teachers, running of schools without recognition.
- It ensure all round development of a child and building the child knowledge.
- Making the child free from fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and centered learning.
- It ensues there is no urban-rural imbalance in teachers posting.
- It provides for prohibition of employment of teachers for non educational purposes except elections and disaster relief.
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